Services > Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder
What is it?
Hypermobility spectrum disorder is a connective tissue condition characterized by a variety of different symptoms including chronic joint and muscular pain, impaired proprioception and increased joint instability. The classification and assessment of HSD is complex and ever-evolving as more research is being published in this area.
What are the symptoms of HSD?
Hypermobility spectrum disorder symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on the musculoskeletal structures involved, the degree of systemic involvement and the impact that both have on a person’s functional ability and quality of life.
- Chronic joint pain localised to one area or throughout the body
- Poor muscle strength and balance
- Poor proprioception and coordination
- Joint dislocations, subluxations, tendon and ligament injury
- Degenerative changes and bone disease
- Gait dysfunction and biomechanical alterations
- Cardiovascular symptoms such as low blood pressure or rapid heart rate
- Bladder and pelvic floor muscle problems, pelvic organ prolapse
- Gastrointestinal problems like constipation and IBS
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Chronic fatigue
- Psychological symptoms like anxiety or depression
What treatment is available for HSD?
Specialised physiotherapy can significantly improve the symptoms associated with HSD.
- Biomechanical assessment including AposTherapy and customised orthotics
- Strength and balance training
- Proprioception and coordination training
- Aerobic conditioning
- Graded exposure to exercise
- Pain management programme
For more information on physiotherapy interventions please visit our youtube site
- Castori et al 2017 American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C Seminars in Medical Genetics - A Framework for the Classification of Joint Hypermobility and Related Conditions - A Framework for the Classification of Joint Hypermobility and Related Conditions - PDF 306kb
- Engelbert et al 2017 American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C Seminars in Medical Genetics - The Evidence-Based Rationale for Physical Therapy Treatment of Children, Adolescents, and Adults Diagnosed With Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome - PDF 1.15mb
- Joint Hypermobility and Joint Hypermobility Syndrome Research Papers by Alan G. Pocinki, M.D. ©2010 - PDF 179kb